Lesson Overview: Romans 11:1-36

This is lesson 7 of 7 in Life – Giving Justification.

  • Main Point of the Passage: Paul explained to the Roman Christians that Israel’s rejection of Christ was part of God’s plan of redemption.
  • Main Point of the Lesson: The fact that many Jews rejected Christ is part of God’s plan of redemption.
  • Main Application of the Lesson: Participants will guard against pride by considering both God’s kindness and his severity.
  • Key Verse: Romans 11:25, “So that you will not be conceited, brothers, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery: A partial hardening has come to Israel until the full number of the Gentiles has come in.”
  • Word Studies: Israel in Romans 11:26 


Leader Preparation

To prepare for this lesson, write your own answers to each of the questions below. You will share some of your answers with the group, but make it your goal to talk less than 20% of the Bible study time. Ask the questions, listen to your group, and let them carry the Bible study. You’ll be amazed.

Discussion Questions

Once everyone in your group is sitting in a circle, say, “Here’s the first question. Everyone answers the first question, and it’s just for fun.” Then read the first question, pause, and listen to your group’s answers.

Smile Question: Which animated movie have you watched the most times?

Share Question: Tell about a time you were impressed with either God’s kindness or his severity.

Introduce the Passage: The fact that many Jews rejected Christ is part of God’s plan of redemption. That’s what Paul explained to the Christians in Rome. Today we’re studying chapter 11 of Paul’s letter to the Romans. Paul’s goal for chapters 9-11 was to build up our confidence that God’s promises will be accomplished in us.

  • Optional:Have a member of your group either recite the passage from memory or give a detailed summary of the passage from memory.
  • Optional: Have a member of your group present their word study on the following word(s): Israel in Romans 11:26

Study Question: As we read Romans 11:1-36, let’s look for answers to this question: how did Paul explain that Israel’s rejection of Christ does not mean God has rejected his people?

  • Paul himself is an Israelite whom God has not rejected (v. 1)

  • God has preserved a remnant from among the Israelites [as he did in Elijah’s time] (v. 2-6)

  • Even those who were hardened have not stumbled in order to fall beyond recovery (v. 7-12)

  • God has the power to graft them in again if they do not remain in their unbelief (v. 13-24)
  • Even their partial hardening is part of God’s plan for all Israel to be saved (v. 25-36)

Connect-the-Dots Question: It might be easy to read verse 26 and assume that Paul meant even Israelites who reject Jesus will be saved. What evidence do you find against that opinion in this passage?

Count-the-Cost Question: To keep Christians humble, Paul told them to “consider God’s kindness and severity” (v. 22). What consequences come from overlooking one of these traits of God?

Let’s-Do-It Question: How can you personally avoid overlooking God’s kindness or his severity?

Prayer: Father, impress on us both your kindness and your severity so we will serve you with the right respect and love. Thank you for working throughout history to accomplish your plan of redemption.



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