Lesson Overview: Romans 10:1-21
This is lesson 6 of 7 in Life – Giving Justification.
- Main Point of the Passage: Paul explained to the Roman Christians that many Israelites are not saved because they tried to establish their own righteousness through law instead of submitting to God’s righteousness by faith.
- Main Point of the Lesson: If a person tries to earn righteousness through their obedience, they can’t receive the gift of righteousness through faith in Christ.
- Main Application of the Lesson: Participants find ways to make the gospel message of righteousness by faith clear to others.
- Key Verse: Romans 10:3, “Because they disregarded the righteousness from God and attempted to establish their own righteousness, they have not submitted themselves to God’s righteousness.”
- Word Studies: End in Romans 10:4
To prepare for this lesson, write your own answers to each of the questions below. You will share some of your answers with the group, but make it your goal to talk less than 20% of the Bible study time. Ask the questions, listen to your group, and let them carry the Bible study. You’ll be amazed.
Once everyone in your group is sitting in a circle, say, “Here’s the first question. Everyone answers the first question, and it’s just for fun.” Then read the first question, pause, and listen to your group’s answers.
Smile Question: Finish the sentence: In the winter, I like a warm cup of ________________.
Share Question: How do you think a person from the Jewish faith might respond if you tried to convince them that a right relationship with God comes through faith, not through observing the law?
Introduce the Passage: If a person tries to earn righteousness through their obedience, they can’t receive the gift of righteousness through faith in Christ. In Romans 10, Paul continued answering the question he raised at the beginning of chapter nine—does the fact that many Israelites have rejected Christ mean that God’s promises to the Israelites have failed? The point of this chapter is that the Israelites have tried to establish their own righteousness through obeying the law instead of submitting to God’s righteousness by faith.
[Read Romans 10:1-4]
- Optional:Have a member of your group either recite the passage from memory or give a detailed summary of the passage from memory.
- Optional: Have a member of your group present their word study on the following word(s): End in Romans 10:4
Study Question: As we read this passage, let’s find answers to this question: Why haven’t all the Israelites received the promises of God?
Assuming it is possible to achieve righteousness through obeying the law (v. 5)
Assuming that salvation should be extremely difficult to achieve (v. 6-8)
Forgetting Jesus’ message: believe and be saved (v. 9-10)
- Forgetting that the Old Testament also says believe and be saved (v. 11-13)
- Not hearing the gospel preached (v. 14-15)
- Not believing and obeying the message (v. 16-21)
Connect-the-Dots Question: Why do you think it was difficult for the Israelites in particular to submit to the God’s message of righteousness by faith?
Count-the-Cost Question: Which of the mistakes or assumptions we listed earlier (answers to the Study Question) are common mistakes for people in our culture?
Let’s-Do-It Question: How can we prevent ourselves and others from making the same mistake some Israelites made—trying to become righteous through obedience to the law?
Prayer: Father, thank you for providing a way for sinners to be saved. Give us the power of your Spirit as we take your message to everyone around us.