Lesson Overview: Romans 5:1-21

This is lesson 6 of 6 in By Grace Through Faith.

  • Main Point of the Passage: Paul explained to the Christians in Rome that Christ’s death and resurrection reconcile us to God, reversing the results of Adam’s sin.
  • Main Point of the Lesson: Christ’s death and resurrection reconcile us to God, reversing the results of Adam’s sin.
  • Main Application of the Lesson: Participants will experience and celebrate the benefits of reconciliation with God.
  • Key Verse: Romans 5:18, “So then, as through one trespass there is condemnation for everyone, so also through one righteous act there is life-giving justification for everyone.”
  • Word Studies: grace in Romans 5:21 and reconciled in Romans 5:10

Preparation

Leader Preparation

To prepare for this lesson, write your own answers to each of the questions below. You will share some of your answers with the group, but make it your goal to talk less than 20% of the Bible study time. Ask the questions, listen to your group, and let them carry the Bible study. You’ll be amazed.

Discussion Questions

Once everyone in your group is sitting in a circle, say, “Here’s the first question. Everyone answers the first question, and it’s just for fun.” Then read the first question, pause, and listen to your group’s answers.

Smile Question: Besides being with God, what would be the best thing about living in the Garden of Eden?



Share Question: Think about the story of Adam’s sin in the Garden of Eden. What does it tell us about the human race? (Read Genesis 3 if you need a review of the story.)



Introduce the Passage: Christ’s death and resurrection reconcile us to God, reversing the results of Adam’s sin. That’s what Paul explained to the Christians in Rome when he wrote Romans 5:1-21. Paul reminded his readers that Adam’s sin affected all men. But he went on to explain that Christ’s act of righteousness—dying on the cross for our sins—also affected all men. However the results of Christ’s obedience are drastically different from the results of Adam’s sin.

  • Optional:Have a member of your group either recite the passage from memory or give a detailed summary of the passage from memory.
  • Optional: Have a member of your group present their word study on the following word(s): grace in Romans 5:21 and reconciled in Romans 5:10


Study Question: As we read Romans 5:1-21, let’s look for answers to this question: How is the result of Christ’s death and resurrection different from the result of Adam’s sin?

Possible answers include: 

Results of Adam’s Sin

  • We were enemies of God (v. 10)

  • Sin entered the world and spread to all men (v. 12)

  • Death entered the world and spread to all men (v. 12, 15)

  • Judgment and condemnation came (v. 16, 18)
  • Death reigned (v. 17)
  • Many were made sinners (v. 19)

Results of Christ’s Death

  • We have been declared righteous by faith (v. 1)
  • We have peace with God (v. 1)
  • We have access to grace (v. 2)
  • We rejoice in hope, even in afflictions (v. 2-3)
  • God’s love has been poured out in our hearts through the Holy Spirit (v. 5)
  • We’re declared righteous by his blood (v. 9)
  • We will be saved from God’s wrath (v. 9)
  • We were reconciled to God (v. 10)
  • The grace of God and the gift overflowed to many (v. 15)
  • Life-giving justification came (v. 16, 18)
  • The righteousness will reign in life (v. 17)
  • Eternal life (v. 21)



Connect-the-Dots Question: How might Paul respond to someone who says it’s not fair that Adam’s sin could have terrible consequences for everyone on earth?




Count-the-Cost Question: It’s clear from verse five that Paul expects his message to give hope to his readers. What types of situations are likely to rob Christians of their hope in Christ?




Let’s-Do-It Question: Which statement or idea in this passage gives hope to you personally?




Prayer: Father, teach us to celebrate the hope we have through Jesus Christ. Thank you for overcoming the curse of Adam’s sin with the death of your Son.

 

 

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